If you’re a civil rights attorney, certain principles seem like no-brainers. No one should be discriminatedagainst on the basis of race. Everyone has the right to freespeech. You figure anyone who has a problem withthese probably also dislikes children, butterflies andworld peace.
But sometimes sticking to principle can lead you inunexpected directions — as attorneys HarveySchwartz and Harold Lichten learned. The two,whose firms share office space on Tremont Streetnear Government Center, both successfully representedclients who, at first glance, seemed to contradicteverything they stood for. Both believed fromthe start their clients had a case — though theirfriends, family and colleagues didn’t always agree.
Harvey Schwartz, famed for helping the underdog,takes a white supremacist for a client
Harvey Schwartz knows that good legal decisions canhave unintended personal consequences. After all, he’s not justthe lawyer who brought the case that made tattooing legal inMassachusetts again — he’s also the father of three, the youngesta teenager. “Now my kids are covered with tattoos,” he says,shaking his head, in his fifth-floor conference room. He seemshalf-rueful, half-amused. “I just noticed another one on my sonthe other day.”
It seems his kids, like their father, delight in pushing the freespeechenvelope. Schwartz, a former newspaper reporter, hasbuilt a career on the First Amendment, championing free speechin some unlikely forms. His tattoo case defended the practice onthe grounds that it was free speech, and far less harmful than, say, piercing.
Recently, he’s advocated on behalf of a marijuana law reformgroup trying to place ads on the T (some of which now decoratehis office), as well as a church that wants to advertise itselfas the one true religion. He’s also carved out a niche defendingthe right of members of city, state and local governments to votefreely, without political interference — another form of freespeech. “I think, as a remnant of the ’60s, I like putting limits onthe power of government,” Schwartz says. It’s been a cornerstoneof his civil rights and employment practice for more than20 years.
But his convictions were put to the test when the ACLUsuggested that he take on a case for Richard Barrett, leaderof the Nationalist Movement, an anti-immigrant, anti-Semitic, “pro-majority” Southern group whose Web siteadvocates such things as “Wetback Wipeout” and proclaims“Diversity = Death.”
In 1994, the Nationalist Movement applied for a permit tohold a “pro-majority” parade through South Boston — its way ofshowing approval for the city’s decision to cancel the annual St.Patrick’s Day parade rather than let gay and lesbian groupsmarch. City officials denied the permit, with Mayor Menino reportedly commenting that he didn’t want Nazis marching through Boston.
The Nationalists marched anyway. Fifteen dedicated raciststurned out — and so did 800 state troopers in riot gear, at a costto the city of $800,000.
Afterwards, Richard Barrett, the Nationalist Movement’s generalcounsel, filed a First Amendment suit against the city fordenying his organization a parade permit. It was a legitimatecase, but there was a catch. Although Barrett was a lawyer, a misconductcharge in an earlier case meant he couldn’t be admittedto practice law in federal court. And he was having a hard timefinding anyone else to take the case. Finally, he called the ACLU,but even it turned him down.
“You can imagine what it was like for him to scrape the bottomof the barrel and call the ACLU and get turned down,” saysSchwartz, who is Jewish. “And so his case was going to be dismissedbecause he didn’t have a lawyer.”Schwartz, who works with the ACLU on a few cases each year,got the final call: “The ACLU called me up and said: ‘Look, thiscase is going to get dismissed, and it’s a legitimate FirstAmendment case. Nobody else will do it. Will you do it?’ And Isaid sure.”
The decision perplexed his friends and family. Both of his lawpartners, one black, advised Schwartz not to take the case.Schwartz’s father, who fought in World War II and was capturedin Normandy and held prisoner by the Germans, told him: “Idon’t understand why you’re doing this.”
But Schwartz was convinced the case was legitimate, and thefacts bore him out. “When it comes to parade permits, the cityisn’t allowed to have discretion — it’s time, place or manner,” hesays. “They can say you can’t hold up traffic, but they can’t let theAncient Order of Hibernians march and block traffic but not letthe Nationalist Movement block traffic.”
Although it took a year for the judge to write his decision,Schwartz eventually prevailed. In the meantime, the case took apersonal toll. While Barrett was polite to Schwartz in person, theNationalist Movement’s Web site featured anti-Semitic caricaturesof him and described him in derogatory terms.Throughout the case, Barrett continued to protest Schwartz’sassignment as his lawyer. “When his deposition was taken by thecity, he started off with a speech protesting that he was forced tohave me as his attorney, and he didn’t want me as his attorney.So I said: ‘Hey, I’ll leave,’ and he said: ‘No, you can’t leave,’”Schwartz says.
For most of the trial, the two remained civil — until the closingarguments, that is, after Schwartz decided that the strongestargument he could make was that the Nationalists are offensive,but they have a right to be offensive.
“Normally, I wouldn’t stand up in front of a jury and badmouthmy client. But I told the judge that their views were as reprehensibleas they were imbecilic, but they have as much right to say it asDr. King had to tell us about his dream. The judge’s eyes openedup wide, and I thought, ‘Wow, I’m really scoring here.’” WhatSchwartz didn’t know was that all of the Nationalists had gotten upand left the courtroom. When he turned around, it was empty.
Still, he has no regrets about his choice. In fact, he’s proud thatthe decision in the case helped shape the city’s handling ofparades and demonstrations during the Democratic NationalConvention in Boston.
“It goes to show that you do these First Amendment cases onthe fringe, and what it does is lay down protection for theDemocrats,” Schwartz says. “That’s the irony of it. By protectingthe rights of this group that wants to take away people’s rights,you’re not just protecting the Nazis’ rights — you’re protectingeverybody’s rights.”
Harold Lichten, who built his careerlitigating discrimination cases, fights forsix wrongly treated white guys
Like his friend and colleague Harvey Schwartz, HaroldLichten doesn’t mind standing up for principles even in the faceof unpleasant consequences. Back in 1970, after being admittedto the University of Pennsylvania to play on the basketball team,he was thrown off for refusing to get his hair cut. “I’d gone to collegeto become a hippie, I guess,” the 6-foot-5-inch Lichtenrecalls. “Although I liked sports, a short haircut sent a politicalmessage.” (Plus the girls liked it long.) And so when his coachordered him to cut his hair before the next practice, he declined— despite the fact that he would be kicked off one of the bestteams in the nation.
By that time in his life, Lichten had already developed thecommitment to social justice that would come to define his lawcareer. “I was a child during the civil rights movement,” Lichtensays. “I can remember watching on TV black people gettinghosed down while marching in the streets. I remember MartinLuther King’s ‘I Have a Dream’ speech.” Through college andlaw school, Lichten volunteered for legal aid organizations.When he graduated, he accepted a position representing lowincomepeople in Lewiston, Maine.
Lichten’s first employment discrimination case was filed onbehalf of an achondroplastic dwarf who’d been denied a job atBath Ironworks, Maine’s largest employer. It was the first ofmany cases involving prejudice in the workplace. “Back in thelate ’70s and early ’80s, it was really like it was in the ’60s forblacks,” Lichten explains. “People were admittedly denyinghandicapped people jobs. So there were a lot of cases, and theywere very interesting.”
Lichten’s practice grew to include sex and race discrimination.He handled wrongful-termination suits, as well as a number ofcases on behalf of labor unions — police labor unions, fire laborunions, telephone workers.
In fact, it was through his work with the firefighter unions thatLichten, now based in Boston, took on his first reverse-discriminationcase — and found himself in the surprising position ofadvocating on behalf of six white men who’d been denied jobs asfirefighters as a direct result of a court-ordered racial quota system.Says Lichten: “The one thing I had never done before wasto represent the majority challenging the minority. It was so foreignto what I had done all the rest of my career.”
It should be said that Lichten believes in affirmative action. Hebelieves it’s perfectly appropriate to take race into account indetermining the single best candidate for a job. But he believesthat bad affirmative action helps no one: “There’s affirmativeaction where you say: ‘We need diversity and let’s reach out andfind good people with diversity,’ and then there’s the system theyused in Boston, which was terrible,” he says.
The Boston system had been in place for 28 years in both thepolice and the fire departments, the result of a 1974 federal courtorder following a case in which the U.S. District Court found thedepartments’ written exam discriminatory. The court orderedthe city to rewrite the exam. It also mandated a one-for-one hiringsystem, which required one non-white hire for every whitecandidate hired until the percentage of minorities in the departmentreflected their percentage in the community at large.
But the city never rewrote the exam. Over time, it becameextremely difficult even for highly qualified white men to behired as firefighters in the city of Boston. Some were turnedaway year after year, despite scoring 100 on the exam and havingspent time as firefighters in other towns. At the same time,minority candidates with low scores and no experience werehired on their first try.
The clients who retained Lichten had an extraordinary commitmentto being firefighters. All had scored 99 or 100 on theexam. One was ready to give up a six-figure job as an investmentbanker. Another delayed a hernia operation in order to take thedepartment’s pre-employment medical exam. “He had to do this30-minute treadmill, and his stomach was hanging out, but herefused to stop because he thought this was his last chance to bea firefighter,” Lichten says.
But while Lichten believed in the case, not everyone did.Several of his law partners were against taking it, and theyounger attorneys in his office refused to help. Instead, he had touse an attorney from another firm. And some of the opposingcounsel he faced were friends. “The lawyers from the Office ofCivil Rights are people that I know and respect, and I could tellthey were disappointed in me,” he says. “As a matter of fact, theytold me they were disappointed in me.”
Perhaps even worse, from Lichten’s standpoint, was that hisvictory on appeal — after which his clients were hired as firefightersand awarded back pay — made him a celebrity for all thewrong reasons. From CNN to Bill O’Reilly, the major mediacame calling. While Lichten turned most reporters away, heagreed to appear on O’Reilly’s show because, he says, “I figuredhe was going to use me as a pawn to advance his right-wing agenda.”But O’Reilly never got the chance.
Before the show, a Fox screener called to ask Lichten’s responsesto various questions. He explained that he supported affirmativeaction and that, done right, he believed it had a place in society.An hour later, the show called back to say they’d decided toinvite someone from the Cato Institute to talk about the caseinstead.
Since then, Lichten has consistently turned down offers fromaround the country to take on more reverse discrimination cases.And while he’s currently contesting the same court-ordered onefor-one hiring system in the police department, it’s clear that hereally wishes all the attention would go away.
“All of my other cases — many of which I think are just asimportant — were brought on behalf of minorities, not on behalfof the majority,” he says. “Frankly, it’s not the case that I hope tobe remembered for.”
It's commendable to stick to your principles on the job. The natural and worthy instinct is to stand up and fight for what you believe is right. At the same time, you have to be aware of what you may be in for.
- Live in the moment.
- Nurture family and friends.
- Stay fit and healthy.
- Do what you enjoy (mostly) and have a passion for.
- Be there for others.
- Always keep developing.
A person of principle means someone who faithfully follows their principle or set of principles rather than abandoning them when convenient. If faced with a seemingly difficult decision in life, he or she will refer to his or her guiding set of principles and then merely deduce the correct action from it.
When a person sticks to their values, and their actions are consistent with their words, others have more trust in that person, who they say they are, and what they do.
A principle is a guideline for how you wish to behave in a particular situation. Principles allow you to live and work to your best while enabling others to understand the best way to interact with you. When you behave in a manner which is consistent with your principles, you feel confident and empowered.
Senieer supplies fluid bed processor for blending, granulating, drying, pelletizing and coating applications in the pharmaceutical industry.
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Frustrated with Fused Filament Fabrication? Read our 3D printer troubleshooting guide to the most common 3D printing problems and their solutions.
More First Layer Problems. The print platform temperature is often set by the slicer software.. 3D Printing Problem Checklist: Warping Use a heated print platform Add Stick glue to the print platform Swap from glass to an adhesive print bed Calibrate print bed Add platforms or rafts Adjust advance the temperature and fan settings. To stop elephant foot appearing in your 3D prints the base layers of the model need to be cooled sufficiently so that they can support the structure above, but if you apply too much cooling to the base layers you can create warping.. From printing of the cube you should be able to see if the filament is being laid down evenly, if the nozzle is too close to the print platform and scraping through the molten filament or too high and causing the filament to blob.. 3D Printing Problem Checklist: Elephant Foot Balance print platform temperature and fan speed Level the print platform Check the nozzle height Chamfer the model base. 3D Printer Troubleshooting: More First Layer Issues Level the print bed.. 3D Printing Problem Checklist: More First Layer Issues Level the print platform Check nozzle height Clean print platform Add Glue Textured sheets for cold platforms. 3D Printing Problem Checklist: Layer Misalignment Check the tension in the belts Check there’s no movement in the top plate Make sure the Z axis rods are straight. There is a problem with one of the Z axis rods or bearings.. Cooling is normally the issue start by checking your fans.. If your layer height is therefore set to 0.1mm then set the ‘Bottom / Top Thickness setting’ to 0.6mm.. Under-extrusion results in thin layers, in layers with unwanted gaps, or in missing layers entirely (see 3D Printing Problems #5: Missing Layers ).. 3D Printer Troubleshooting: Under-Extrusion Check the filament diameter.
These millennials in the workplace statistics provide crucial insight into the demographic that will soon represent 75% of the global workforce.
Millennials are currently the most powerful generation for companies around the world and make the largest working population in the US.. Just 29% of millennials are engaged at work.. Millennials in the workforce statistics show that this generation accounts for over a third of all US workers.. Baby Boomers come 3rd, with 41 million individuals either working or looking for work.. Millennials in the workforce statistics indicate that just a quarter of all workers in the world will not belong to the millennial generation 5 years from now.. The number of those who plan on staying for 2 years is even higher; 43% of millennials think they’ll switch jobs within the next 2 years, which is one of the major problems with millennials in the workplace.. According to recent millennials in the workplace statistics and job satisfaction data , just 57% of millennials are happy with their pay.. Just 29% of millennial workers are engaged at work.. The number of millennials in the workforce is 56 million.. Currently, they are the largest working generation; there are 53 million Gen Xers in the US workforce.. Do millennials make good employees?
If you want to improve your inventory management skills and knowledge, you have come to the right place for the basics. In this article, we'll dish out tips you can put to work to optimize inventory management processes and your business.
Effective stock control and inventory management tips involve both practices and tools.. If integrated with a sales platform, the items ordered are automatically deducted from the stock count while sourced goods are conveniently updated, making it easy to manage inventories remotely.. However, having inventory management software doesn’t automatically improve inventory management.. However, to properly keep tabs on these stocks across stores and platforms, online retailers must be smart and leverage digital inventory management solutions .. And, the best way to keep track of inventory levels in relation to procurement and sales in real-time is to adopt an inventory software with sales and order integrations.. Inventory management professionals use this principle to inform them of which products to prioritize: which ones to put more effort into re-ordering, storing, checking, etc.. And, product B only accounts for 30% of the stocks in inventory yet accounts for only 15% of the total value, with C accounting for 50% of the inventory yet with the least percentage of total value at 5% .
Is Obama's dog Bo a familiar? Only he can answer that question, but I've suspected his occult activities for some time now! Half-jokes aside, a…
For example, one could perform a ritual to summon a familiar and it could appear either as a spiritual entity seen or felt only by some people, or as a physical creature, often in an animal form.. In case of a physical manifestation, the familiar will often wander into the summoner’s life in the form of a stray dog, cat, bird etc.. I’ve shared many demon summoning rituals on this website, and I suggest starting with the general guide on how to summon a demon .. So once you’ve found a demon that can help you with getting a familiar, summon it and ask for help.. If you try to summon a familiar without a spiritual intermediary’s assistance it could take a long time for it to manifest from an idea, through the astral plane and into physical reality.. For summoning a familiar I recommend this visualization spell:. Light a candle in a dark and quiet room Use a magical wand or a dagger to draw an inverted pentagram in the air above the candle Next, use the same ritual item to draw the shape of the animal spirit you wish to summon Now, close your eyes and point the ritual item at the candle flame.. As you repeat this mantra, imagine that the words are creating the familiar, as it turns from an idea, to a subtle astral body, and finally to physical form, if you want it to be a physical familiar.. So it’s only natural that a spiritual familiar is easier to summon than a physical one.. If you use a demon as an intermediary you can receive a spiritual familiar almost immediately since it doesn’t even have to move through the Idea stage, as it already exists in the astral plane.
Here are eight signs your relationship isn't working, what you can do to try and fix it, and when you know it's time to just break up.
If an inadequate sex life has become a constant source of conflict for you, or if your partner doesn’t want to discuss the issue or make any changes, it might be time to consider ending the relationship.. If the trust in a relationship has been broken in some fundamental way, then it might spell the end of the relationship.. A person who’s with a jealous partner should consider ending the relationship if that partner isn’t willing to understand the roots of that jealousy and work on it.. If you and your partner aren’t spending meaningful, consistent, high-quality time together, then the relationship is probably struggling.. If you simply don’t enjoy spending time with your partner, your goals or priorities have changed, or you’re more interested in other people — especially other potential romantic partners — then the relationship is probably coming to a close.. Of course, that doesn’t mean that all emotional needs must be met within one romantic relationship — friends and family also fulfill an important function there, and we can certainly have our needs met by different people — but when a romantic partner doesn’t fulfill certain key emotional needs (or even try), that’s usually a sign that something’s not working.. So if you’re feeling drawn to other people, or you’ve already had interactions outside of your monogamous relationship, then it’s time to take a step back and consider whether your relationship is truly working.. If you’re consistently cheating on your monogamous partner (or engaging in behavior on that spectrum) — and you’re not making any progress toward resolving it — then it’s probably time to end the relationship.. Finally, it’s time to break up if your partner learns about your cheating and isn’t willing or able to work on the relationship with you.. Either way, if you or your partner absolutely refuse to change in the relevant ways — and you’ve given the relationship several chances over an appropriate period of time — then you have a choice to make.. If the relationship has turned toxic and you or your partner are completely averse to change, even after honest discussions and professional counseling, it’s time to get out.