cognitive function test (grant/brownsword) (2022)

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This is not a Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test. That refers to a trademarked test that this test has nothing to do with, as these questions are my own and calculate type differently. I label what was formerly indicated as such with "Myers letters" to avoid confusion. This test has 96 questions.

Your results will be calculated into a table using four different methods:
The Grant/Brownsword model - though untrue to Grant's definitions for the types and their functions in From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey and those of Brownsword's in It Takes All Types! and Psychological Type: An Introduction, this test tries to reconcile the type development stack first proposed by Grant with the more Myers-centric (as opposed to Jung-centric) definitions for the functions used by the typology community today.

(Video) Interpreting Sakinorva Results (INTP)

The axis-based model - this algorithm uses preferences for function axes to arrive at a type, a practice commonly used by magicians and typologists today. (Temporarily not a thing.)

The Myers model - this algorithm stays as true as possible to how Isabel Myers had envisioned function orientations in her types, especially emphasizing the importance of the extraverted functions in determining type. (I may later expand on this in the FAQ.)
The Myers letters - this test also attempts to calculate your '16 personalities' type through a careful examination of each question and how it would correlation with each of the eight preferences; though roundabout and based only on theoretical correlations, it is reasonable to assume that this result will be more accurate than the previously mentioned algorithms in determining your Myers letter type.

You can select five options per question, where the rightmost choice corresponds to "agree" and the leftmost choice corresponds to "disagree." The three options in the middle correspond to only moderate preferences for each side, the middle option being specifically for "no preference for either side." To aid you in remembering this, "agree" and "disagree" have been labeled on their corresponding columns.

Scroll down to view your results after submitting.

(no)(yes)#1 You are drawn to the new, novel, and original.#2 You often feel awkward and aimless during leisure time.#3 You frequently have hunches or insights about the future that turn out to be correct.#4 You relate present experiences back to past experiences.#5 You value inclusion and try your best to involve everyone in a group.#6 You greatly value social harmony and often go out of your way to maintain it.#7 You have a tendency to go off-topic in conversation.#8 You find it difficult to concentrate on a single subject.#9 You modify internal logical frameworks to account for new data, and you sometimes find yourself re-evaluating them when new data is incompatible with it.#10 You absorb information from the outside world without additional processing.#11 You consider yourself a practical and realistic person, free from imagination.#12 You are unnerved by uncertainty and the unknown.#13 You are hesitant to strictly conform to social roles.#14 You may be described as ditzy or scatterbrained.#15 You place a great amount of trust in the mysterious and unconscious world.#16 You sometimes fail to adapt to new data because it is not consistent with your personal understanding of an idea.#17 You come up with internal logical frameworks, theories, and systems to describe the world around you.#18 You easily recognize internal bodily sensations and act to suit your body's needs.#19 You take on subjects with a burning interest only to drop them once they no longer feel new to you.#20 You may be viewed as "meddling" or "controlling" to others.#21 You believe your presence is greatly felt in a room.#22 You understand a concept by logically recognizing and drawing patterns between different, already known concepts.#23 You rely on external sources to support your argument.#24 You have an uncanny ability of recognizing others' needs.#25 You feel a strong sense of unity when communicating with others in a group.#26 You can easily think of something random to say.#27 You tend to express sympathy only after you empathize with someone.#28 You feel as though your insights often go misunderstood.#29 You follow a consistent routine.#30 You cannot help but get hung up on small details.#31 You may be viewed as whiny and/or depressive.#32 You consider yourself an organized person and take control of situations before they get out of hand.#33 You are drawn toward the abstract and often obsess over meanings.#34 You see so many possibilities that you have trouble committing to a single one.#35 You trust hard facts and data more than anything else.#36 You are an excellent problem solver and have an incredible ability to analyze things in depth.#37 You place a lot of value on details and past experiences.#38 You streamline existing systems for the sake of efficiency and productivity.#39 You stay true to yourself.#40 You see the big picture in a sea of details.#41 You become stubborn and resolute in the face of opposition when it comes to your personal beliefs.#42 You imagine things that aren't directly connected to the real world.#43 You are blunt and straight-to-the-point in communication.#44 You may be viewed as "fake" or "manipulative" to others.#45 You live in the present, not the past or the future.#46 You may be seen as reckless and unknowingly hurt those around you.#47 You always try to communicate tactfully with people.#48 You have been consistently logical throughout your life.#49 You prefer living in your dreams to living in the real world.#50 You see the world as a bundle of possibilities waiting to be explored.#51 You exude charisma and are usually viewed as charming by others.#52 You work through problems by yourself and detach yourself from other people to arrive at a conclusion.#53 You have trouble communicating your ideas with people.#54 You start many different projects, but you finish few.#55 You thrive on new and exciting experiences.#56 You often use analogies and similes to communicate new ideas.#57 You have an excellent sense of direction and instantly know your way around a new place.#58 You would do whatever it takes to win a debate.#59 You would question anything.#60 You feel as though you are one of the only truly nice people left in this world.#61 You like to organize things for pleasure.#62 You find yourself agreeing with those who claim that the ends justify the means.#63 You may be viewed as selfish or self-centered.#64 You express yourself honestly and authentically.#65 You are often the first to react to a question.#66 You generally work through problems with others and involve yourself with other people to arrive at a conclusion.#67 Fake people bother you.#68 You believe that arriving at a truth is more important than winning an argument.#69 You are a risk-taker.#70 You would rather sugarcoat a problem than upset someone.#71 You easily sympathize with others' struggles.#72 You live in the "here and now."#73 You try to help people to the point where you begin to forget taking care of your own needs.#74 You constantly set yourself on goals and objectives.#75 You are extremely objective and "tell it as it is."#76 You have trouble communicating with those who do not think like you.#77 You explore things in depth for purely for the sake of exploring them in depth.#78 You greatly value tradition and duty.#79 You "just know" things without being able to consciously put them into words.#80 You have a strict internal moral code that comes from within regardless of any external standards.#81 You are described as "stuck in your ways."#82 You are skilled at recognizing whether the details in front of you match what you are used to.#83 You are fiercely individualistic and pride yourself on your uniqueness.#84 You are attracted to symbolism, mysticism and the unknown.#85 You often use metaphors to communicate new ideas.#86 You have a strong tendency to see things as either good or bad.#87 Generally, you would prefer a solution be thorough before putting it into action (at the cost of time).#88 You value truth and logic more than anything else.#89 You are aware of your surroundings and aren't likely to miss something right in front of you.#90 You are a brainstormer: you offer a multitude of different ideas in a given situation.#91 You become upset when your care for others goes unappreciated.#92 You often arrive at conclusions that seem to come out of nowhere; you relate to "realizing" answers.#93 You are able to manipulate conversations by reading others' body language.#94 You dislike change.#95 You have an eye for aesthetics and "enjoy the finer things in life."#96 You rely only on past experiences to guide yourself through the present.
The following questions are optional, but recommended. Please answer truthfully.
You consent to me using your answers for data analysis:yes no
Gender:male female other
What Myers-Briggs type do you most identify with?
What Enneagram type do you most identify with?
Any additional comments? (answered here)

frequently asked questions (updated 2018/11/14)

What is the Grant-Brownsword function model?
In 1983, William Harold Grant, along with Magdala Thompson and Thomas E. Clarke, authored a book relating Jungian personality types to the Gospel by correlating Biblical themes to Jung's functions. Titled From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey, the main purpose of this book was to encourage the reader to understand the importance and the meaning of "God's image" and how to evoke it within you on a journey from image to likeness. But this work contained a tidbit that would come to shape typology today: a new psychological model.

Grant dubbed it

the third major model, highlighting how it "views Jung's functions and attitudes on the basis of a developmental typology." This model was based on their observations from several hundred people involved in their retreats and workshops (frequently referenced as "R/W" throughout their preface) along with thousands of students from two universities; it specifically referred to four stages of development from the ages of six to fifty.

Grant understood his model was a deviation from conventional interpretations of Jung's work and did not expect to "find support within the Jungian tradition". In his own words, "admittedly, it needed further testing." Grant included his model in the book in order to encourage people to view their personalities not statically but dynamically.

(Video) Sakinorva Cognitive Function Test (with separate scores for each function)

Alan W. Brownsword would end up writing

It Takes All Types! in 1987, utilizing Grant's model "in accordance with" Myers-Briggs types. This is not actually the case; Brownsword seemed to share an incorrect belief with many personality theorists from his time about the nature of "Type," and this caused him to commit categorical errors when interpreting Jungian theory and Myers' work with the MBTI. When talking about the E/I orientations of the tertiary and inferior functions, Brownsword only says that "not all of students of Jung seem to agree with [the tertiary function sharing the same direction as the dominant function]" and dismisses the more accepted**** interpretation of Jung's work claiming that the "tertiary function" would be introverted with a claim that "it just doesn't seem to work that way." Consider Brownsword's model to be an awkward amalgamation of Jungian psychological types, Myers-Briggs theory, W.H. Grant's third model, and his own interpretation of what's really going on.


function stack today originated with Grant and Brownsword, but has been popularized by figures like Linda Berens and Dario Nardi. There is a lot of history behind how this had come about, which you can read more about here: Full context: the cognitive functions.

**** the idea of having an "alternating stack" where the functions would be ordered IEIE or EIEI is fundamentally against how Jung described the function attitudes. Jung never made a stack template, but if he did, the directions would only ever work with two exclusive directions (i.e. IEEE, EEII, and IIIE would be acceptable, but not IEEI). Brownsword talked about how the "tertiary" function would be introverted according to Jungian analysts but he really meant that a function in that position would be introverted in their (correct) analysis of Jung's work; "tertiary" functions are not a thing in Jung's

Psychological Types.

I don't understand—how is all of this calculated?
I used to give the exact formulas for the calculations before, but I like the idea of the numbers themselves being publicly ambiguous. But I really don't have a reason to be obscure about how the formulas are set up:

(Video) Why the Myers-Briggs test is totally meaningless


Grant-Brownsword algorithm calculates a score for all sixteen possible types by adding up weighted totals for the dominant, auxiliary, and—very weakly—tertiary functions, then subtracting weighted inferior function totals in the final add-up. It would look something like this: a(dominant)+b(auxiliary)+c(tertiary)-d(inferior) = type_score


axis-based algorithm will assume that there are no inferior functions in your stack, and that functions on opposite ends create axes that you would either prefer or not prefer, so in other words, your scores for Ne/Si are compared to Ni/Se, and the same thing goes for Se/Ni and Ni/Se. The algorithm then tries to figure out which one of those four "valued" functions you prefer should be dominant, and voila! You get your type.Why isn't my Myers-Briggs result the same as my function result?
Because they aren't the same thing. Your Myers-Briggs result is based on the letter values assigned to each question (for example, agreeing with question #42 most significantly increases your E, N, and P scores even though it would give you 2 points for "Se") and your two other results are based only on the raw function algorithms. They are scored differently and mean different things.

How accurate is the test?
That really depends on what "accurate" means to you. My test is only meant to take your answers, run the formulas, and give you a result based on those formulas; this test would be 100% accurate solely with regards to that. Whether or not your result will be an accurate reflection of your "function type" or your Myers-Briggs type is up for you to decide.

But I should stress an important detail: I've received a little bit over 10k responses to date, and I've been able to compare purported Myers-Briggs types on this test with the types received on "raw" Form Q. Unfortunately, crossover data is scarce, and only about a tiny percentage of the slightly-less-than-10k responders (you can take tests more than once) have taken both the raw Form Q test and the function test. There is a slight NP/SJ bias in the margins, so I would seriously consider J for you if you scored "strong/clear N" and "undifferentiated" on J/P, or S if you scored "undifferentiated" and "strong/clear P," etc. But my big problem is that I can't offset the results with numerical addends or subtrahends because the gaps between these results are often relative, not absolute.

(Video) INFJ - Cognitive Function 101 ✨ สำหรับ INFJ 👽

For now, I would just recommend interpreting your results with this in mind, but I may add a permalink for your results for inquiry purposes soon.

But your test is totally inaccurate! The questions suck, and I know I'm definitely not the type I got.
It's really anyone's guess what an "accurate" interpretation of the functions is, because such a thing doesn't actually exist. I know, crazy. Maybe you think those definitions are absolutely wrong, maybe somebody else thinks those definitions are absolutely correct. There isn't a consensus on what function theory is, and there frankly never will be.

But if you do think you have all the answers, I added an option for people to choose an accuracy score for the test—not of their results since they haven't seen them—but for the questions in "assessing" your functions. It's a little dumb because no one actually knows which question scores for which function before they get their results, but it would be a little wonky adding post-result data to already-submitted results. I'm sure there's a way, and I'll have to experiment with what works best.

(Video) What Does The Sakinorva Test Say About My Cognitive Functions (As An INFP)


What is the grant brownsword function model? ›

Grant and Brownsword proposed that Judgers extravert their dominant judging function (T or F) and Perceivers extravert their dominant perceiving functions (N or S). The extraverted functions are those which are most apparent to an observer.

What type of function is a grant? ›

The grant type is your pseudo type, the Myers function type is your type according to your cognitive functions and the Myers Briggs is your type according to the letters/dichotomies.

What are the best cognitive function tests? ›

The MoCA test is usually better at finding mild cognitive impairment. The MMSE is better at finding more serious cognitive problems. The Mini-Cog is often used because it is quick, easy-to-use, and widely available. Your health care provider may do one or more of these tests, depending on your condition.

Which MBTI test is the most accurate? ›

The Myers-Briggs types are the most popular pop-psych system. The Open Extended Jungian Type Scales was developed as an open source alternative to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. A statistical comparison of the OEJTS with three other on-line MBTI alternatives found that the OEJTS was the most accurate.

Am I an Infp or INFJ? ›

Basically, if you feel that you march to the beat of your own drum, you're likely an INFP. But if you've always been very aware of other people's emotions — and you feel responsible for them and sometimes even overwhelmed by them — you're more likely an INFJ.

Am I an INTJ or an INTP? ›

the best way to find out is by observing how your mind operates. If you're often curious, then you must be an INTP. On the contrary, having a focused mind makes you more of an INTJ. This disparity happens because of the INTP vs INTP thinking cognitive functions.

What are the 4 types of grants? ›

What are the 4 Types of Grants for Nonprofits?
  • Competitive Grants. Competitive grants are those for which a nonprofit submits a proposal that gets evaluated by a team of reviewers. ...
  • Continuation Grants. ...
  • Pass-through Grants. ...
  • Formula Grants.
22 Oct 2022

What are the 3 types of grants? ›

ED offers three kinds of grants:
  • Discretionary grants: awarded using a competitive process.
  • Student loans or grants: to help students attend college.
  • Formula grants: uses formulas determined by Congress and has no application process.
1 Aug 2022

What is grant example? ›

A grant is a gift to an individual or company that does not need to be paid back. Research money, education loans, and stock options are some examples of grants.

Can you give yourself a cognitive test? ›

There are some cognitive assessment tests that you or a loved one can take yourself. One such test is the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE). You can find it on the internet.

How do I pass a cognitive assessment test? ›

10 Ways To Prepare For Cognitive Ability Tests
  1. Practice with a range of tests. ...
  2. Make mistakes, and learn from them. ...
  3. Practice under exam conditions. ...
  4. Focus on your weaknesses. ...
  5. Create a study plan. ...
  6. Answer all the questions. ...
  7. Check your technology and extras. ...
  8. Learn which test you are taking.
27 Oct 2021

What is the passing score for cognitive test? ›

The Smart Way to Aim at a CCAT Score

These are the average score (24), and the score of the 80th percentile (31) – often considered the passing score for most positions.

Who is the most misunderstood MBTI? ›

INTJs are often misunderstood simply because there are so few of them around. Making up only 2.1% of the US population, they understand the world in a fundamentally different way than most other types. While the rest of the world looks first to tangible data, INTJs follow symbols and underlying meanings first.

Which MBTI type most loner? ›

INTJ: One of The Rarest, Loneliest Personality Types [Introverts and Writing]

What MBTI is the rarest? ›

The rarest personality type is the INFJ personality type, known as 'The Counselor'. INFJ is the rarest personality type across the population, occurring in just 2% of the population. It is also the rarest personality type among men. INFJ stands for Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Judging.

Is INFJ rarer than INFJ? ›

Is INFJ-T rarer than INFJ-A? In general, it is rarer to find an INFJ-A than an INFJ-T. So, no, this personality type is likely more common than the INFJ-A, although the data is not widely available. However, INFJs tend to be worriers and stress more than the average person.

Who is more emotional INFP or INFJ? ›

INFJs, while emotional (thanks to Fe which causes them to wear their emotions openly), lack the emotional depth seen in INFPs, and they don't spend as much time “experiencing” or “wallowing in” their emotions.

What makes an INFJ upset? ›

Here are some of the things that make INFJs the angriest:

Having their ideas and insights dismissed or ignored. Lack of empathy. Not seeing progress on a goal. Not being able to envision what is likely to happen.

Is INTP the rarest personality type? ›

INTP is one of the less common types in the population, especially for women. Among women, INTP is the fourth rarest type (after INTJ, ENTJ, and INFJ). INTPs make up: 3% of the general population.

Are INTPs smart? ›

INTPs want to understand the world in all its glorious complexity, and love using others as a sounding board for their brilliant ideas and theories. Some might describe the INTP as the smartest personality type—rational, creative, and ceaselessly curious.

Are INTPs more emotional than INTJs? ›

INTPs are considerably less aware of their emotional development and are much less sensitive than the INTJ. Once they can no longer ignore their feelings – usually in times of stress – they go to their Inferior Cognitive Function (Extraverted Feelings) as express what looks like, irrational forms of emotion.

What is the most common grant? ›

Program/project grants

This is the most common type of grant. Program/project grants specify that funding may only be used to support the program or project referenced in your proposal.

How can I get free money from the government 2022? ›

10 ways to get free money from the government:
  1. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
  2. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
  3. Emergency Rental Assistance.
  4. Low-Income Home Energy Assistance.
  5. The Lifeline Program.
  6. Child Care and Development Fund.
  7. Down Payment Assistance.
  8. Pell Grant.
25 May 2022

What makes you qualified for a grant? ›

General eligibility for federal aid programs includes that you have financial need, are a U.S. citizen or eligible non-citizen, are enrolled in an eligible degree or certificate program at your college or career school, and more. You're an undergraduate student who's enrolled full-time or part-time.

What are 5 types of grants? ›

Understanding Types of Grants and Funding
  • Research grants (R series) ...
  • Research training and career development (NRSA, K series, and more) ...
  • Small business grants (SBIR/STTR)
  • Clinical research center grants (P50)
  • Conference grants.
  • Administrative supplements.
  • Funding for drug development.
  • Loan repayment programs (NIH)

How do you get grant money? ›

To search or apply for grants, use the free, official website, Commercial sites may charge a fee for grant information or application forms. centralizes information from more than 1,000 government grant programs. It's designed to help states and organizations find and apply for grants.

Are grants free? ›

Grants are essentially free money – you don't have to pay them back. Their aim is to give small businesses a helping hand. They're often targeted at job creation, projects that traditional lenders don't support, and on increasing economic benefits for communities.

What is a grant in simple terms? ›

What is a grant? A grant is a way the government funds your ideas and projects to provide public services and stimulate the economy. Grants support critical recovery initiatives, innovative research, and many other programs listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA).

What are the two types of grants? ›

Most grants awarded by foundations and corporate giving programs can be categorized as one of two types: General Purpose or Operating Support Grants. Program Development or Project Support Grants.

What is a good sentence for grant? ›

Example Sentences

Verb The mayor refused to grant my request for an interview. The court granted the motion for a new trial. I cannot grant you that wish.

What is the 30 question cognitive test? ›

he Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) or Folstein test is a 30-point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia.

Is there a free cognitive test? ›

Other Memory and Cognitive Tests

1. MemoryHealthCheck is a free online resource to learn about human memory, the main causes of memory loss, and offers a new short term memory test based on visual images.

What is the 5 word memory test? ›

Introduction: The five-word test (5WT) is a serial verbal memory test with semantic cuing. It is proposed to rapidly evaluate memory of aging people and has previously shown its sensitivity and its specificity in identifying patients with AD.

What if I fail the cognitive test? ›

If your test results indicate that you are not at a standard level of cognitive functioning, you likely have a condition that affects your memory or your brain. If that happens, your provider will need to do more testing to pin down that condition.

Can you fail a cognitive test for a job? ›

Yes, most candidates should fail the test, but not because it's difficult, but simply because they're not suited for the job. A pre-interview test should be relatively short and easy.

What are examples of cognitive questions? ›

There are approximately six "levels of cognition" or thinking.
Questions that demonstrate your ability to evaluate include:
  • Do you agree …?
  • What do you think about …?
  • What is most important …?
  • Prioritize …
  • How would you decide about …?
  • What criteria would you use to assess …?

Are cognitive tests difficult? ›

It is that difficult! On average, people answer correctly only 48% of the Cognitive Ability Test questions. For the vast majority of the jobs, if you manage to get 56% of the answers, you will very likely secure the next step of the recruitment process.

What does a cognitive score of 10 mean? ›

The grading scale is:

21-24 points = mild cognitive impairment. 10-20 points = moderate cognitive impairment. 0-9 points = severe cognitive impairment.

What is a low cognitive score? ›

Half of the people tested are expected to receive IQ scores within this range. Low average ability is a Full Scale standard score of 80-89 and a percentile score of 9-24%.

Which MBTI is the least talkative? ›

Introverted Feeling (Fi), by contrast, is an intrapersonal function. Whenever possible, it prefers to handle emotional issues inwardly and independently. This is why ISFPs, who use Fi as their dominant function, are among the least talkative of all types.

Which MBTI has the most anger issues? ›

The ISTP. This type is the most likely to get upset or angry and show it, according to the MBTI® Manual.

Which MBTI has the least self esteem? ›

ISFJs ranked as having low self-acceptance according to the CPI™ tool. This may be largely because ISFJs are known for being cautious and careful, which may come across as self-doubting at times. ISFJs are also very practical and down-to-earth, and thus may not have very lofty, idealized images of themselves.

Which personality type is shy? ›

An introvert is a person with qualities of a personality type known as introversion, which means that they feel more comfortable focusing on their inner thoughts and ideas, rather than what's happening externally. They enjoy spending time with just one or two people, rather than large groups or crowds.

Which MBTI has the most confidence? ›

Assertive Debaters (ENTP-A), Executives (ESTJ-A), and Entrepreneurs (ESTP-A) (all 95%), and Assertive Commanders (ENTJ-A) (98%) are the personality types reporting the highest confidence in their own abilities.

What MBTI type is most likely to have depression? ›

There's no research that supports that any Meyers-Briggs personality type is more prone to depression than another. According to MBTI, people with the INFJ personality type are naturally introverted. They may need to find ways to connect and engage with other people so they don't become isolated.

What is the most common female personality type? ›

Overall, the most common personality type is ISFJ

This type occurs in 14% of the population. It is also the most common personality type among women. ISFJ stands for Introversion, Sensing, Feeling and Judging.

What are the top 5 rarest personality types? ›

The INFJ is the rarest personality type as it typically makes up around 2% of the population. Other rare types include INTJ 'the mastermind personality', the ENTJ 'the commander', the ENFJ 'the protagonist' and the ENTP 'the debater'.

What is the function of grant? ›

Description. Grants one or more privileges. The privileges granted are all those grantable privileges that the authorization ID of the statement has on the specified functions or procedures. Note that granting ALL PRIVILEGES on a function or procedure is not the same as granting the system authority of *ALL.

What type of income is a grant? ›

Most business grants are taxable

Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income. Accessed Jun 8, 2022. Typically, however, the money you receive from a small-business grant (regardless of the source) is taxed as income on your federal tax return.

What is grants and its types? ›

The 4 types of grants

There are 4 main categories of grants, competitive, formula, continuation, and pass-through.

Is a grant considered financing? ›

A loan requires you to repay the money you borrow, whereas a grant does not. Grants are, essentially, a gift. In other words, they're non-repayable. Grants may be awarded by government departments, trusts, or corporations and given to individuals, businesses, educational institutions, or non-profits.

Why is it called grant? ›

Grant is an English given name derived from the French grand meaning 'tall' or 'large'. It was originally a nickname given to those with remarkable size.
Grant (given name)
Word/nameOld English, Irish, Scottish

Why is grant a good idea? ›

They are valuable when needing to cover activity costs like research and development where it is difficult to generate enough income to cover costs. You get the money upfront – it is trusted that you will do what you said you would with the money so there are no cash flow problems unlike Payment by Results models.

What are the components of a grant? ›

The most important elements of a grant proposal are the needs statement, project description/narrative, budget, goals/objectives, and sustainability. The needs statement is crucial because it helps the grantmaker understand why your project is worth funding.

What is the most common type of grant? ›

Program/project grants

This is the most common type of grant. Program/project grants specify that funding may only be used to support the program or project referenced in your proposal.

Is a grant subject to income tax? ›

The grants are subject to income tax and self-employed National Insurance contributions (NIC).

How do you determine grant income? ›

If the grant is for expenditure that you would normally record in the profit and loss account, the grant income is reflected as income in your profit and loss account. Such a grant may be deferred if it relates to specific expenditure which has not yet been incurred.

What are basic grants? ›

Basic Grant means an Option granted to a Non-Employee Director who meets the specified criteria pursuant to subsections 6(a) or 6(b) of the Plan.

How can I spend my grant money? ›

Some ways small business owners might spend grant funds include:
  1. hiring new employees.
  2. covering day-to-day costs.
  3. upgrading facilities.
  4. product development.
  5. purchasing inventory.
  6. expanding retail partnerships.
  7. investing in marketing.
5 Apr 2022

Does a grant need to be paid back? ›

Simple. A non repayable government grant does not have to be paid back. Which means that it is free money provided by the government for your small business.

Are government grants free? ›

Learn about government grants and loans for states and organizations. The government does not offer "free money" for individuals.


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