About Anti-Doping / Clean Sport (2022)

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Because of the strongly held belief that our sport must be kept clean of those practices that could destroy the sense of what athletes do and their integrity, the IFSC committed itself to the fight against doping from the very beginning. It works in close relationship with the guidelines provided by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

  • January 27, 2007, the IFSC founding Plenary Assembly unanimously accepted the WADA Anti-Doping Code.
  • September 2008, the former IFSC Management Committee approved the WADA 2009 Code. This was replaced by the WADA 2015 code on 1 January 2015.
  • December 2010, the IFSC adopted the 2011 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules.
  • December 2014, the IFSC adopted the 2015 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules.
  • November 2020, the IFSC adopted the 2021 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules.


The IFSC is committed to the eradication of doping from sport and to protecting clean athletes. Doping can be harmful to the athletes’ health, damages the integrity of sport, and is morally and ethically wrong. All athletes participating in IFSC competitions must abide by the IFSC Anti-Doping Rules. The latest IFSC Anti-Doping Rules were adopted in November 2020 and came into effect on 1 January 2021.

Since its creation the IFSC has been collaborating with the International Testing Authority ,to which it has recently delegated the execution of some elements of the Anti-Doping Program.

What is Doping?

Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) according to article 2 of the WADA Code:

  • Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample
  • Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
  • Refusing to submit to sample collection after being notified
  • Failure to file athlete whereabouts information and missed tests
  • Tampering with any part of the doping control process
  • Possession of a prohibited substance or method
  • Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
  • Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
  • Complicity in an ADRV
  • Prohibited association with athlete support personnel who has engaged in doping

Why is Doping in Sport Prohibited?

The use of doping substances or doping methods to enhance performance is fundamentally wrong and is detrimental to the overall spirit of sport. Drug misuse can be harmful to an athlete's health and to other athletes competing in the sport. It severely damages the integrity, image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance. To achieve integrity and fairness in sport, a commitment to clean sport is critical.

(Video) Anti-Doping Guide | For Clean True Sport | Paralympic Games

What do Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel Need to Know About Anti-Doping?

"Every athlete has the right to clean sport!"


The principle of strict liability applies in Anti-Doping - if it is in the athlete's body, the athlete is responsible for it.


  • complying with the 2021 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code);
  • being available for sample collection (urine or blood), whether in-competition or out-of-competition;
  • ensuring that no prohibited substance enters their body and that no prohibited method is used;
  • making sure that any treatment is not prohibited according to the Prohibited List in force and checking this with the prescribing physicians, or directly with the IFSC if necessary;
  • applying to the IFSC (or national Anti-Doping organisation if the athlete is at a national level) if no alternative permitted treatment is possible and a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) is required (see the IFSC TUE application process);
  • reporting immediately for sample collection after being notified of a doping control;
  • ensuring the accuracy of the information entered on the doping control form during sample collection (including stating any medications and supplements taken within the seven days prior to sample collection, and where the sample collected is a blood sample, blood transfusions within the previous three months);
  • cooperating with anti-doping organisations investigating anti-doping rule violations (ADRVs); and
  • not working with coaches, trainers, physicians, or other athlete support personnel who are ineligible on account of an ADRV, or who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation to doping (see WADA's Prohibited Association List).

Note: during doping control, the athlete must remain within direct observation of the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or chaperone at all times, from when the initial contact is made until the completion of the sample collection procedure. The athlete must also produce identification upon request.


  • during the doping control:

- bringing a representative and, if available, an interpreter;

- asking for additional information about the sample collection process;

(Video) Rights of Everyone Participating in Clean Sport – by “Athletes’ Anti-Doping Rights Act”

- requesting a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons (International Standard for Testing and Investigations Art. 5.4.4); and

- requesting modifications for athletes with impairments (if applicable).

  • requesting and attending the B sample analysis (in the case of an Adverse Analytical Finding); and
  • in the case of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) being asserted, the athlete has the right to a fair hearing and to appeal the hearing decision.
  • rights regarding data protection, according to ISPPPI and any local law applicable.

WADA Play True Quiz

(Video) The Importance of Clean Sport

Coaches, trainers, managers, agents, and other support personnel have a role in defending clean sport and supporting athletes in the anti-doping processes.


  • knowing and complying with all applicable anti-doping policies and rules, including the 2021 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code); and
  • refraining from possessing a prohibited substance (or a prohibited method)*, administering any such substance or method to an athlete, trafficking, covering up an anti-doping rule violation (ADRV) or other forms of complicity, and associating with a person convicted of doping (prohibited association). These are ADRVs applicable to Athlete Support Personnel under Article 2 of the World Anti-Doping Code and Article 2 of the 2021 IFSC Anti-Doping Rules.

*unless the Athlete Support Personnel can establish that the possession is consistent with a TUE granted to an athlete or other acceptable justification. Acceptable justification would include, for example, a team doctor carrying Prohibited Substances for dealing with acute and emergency situations.


  • In the case of an ADRV being asserted, the Athlete Support Personnel has the right to a fair hearing and the right to appeal the hearing decision.
  • Rights regarding data protection, according to ISPPPI and any local law applicable.

What is WADA and What is its Role?

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established in 1999 as an independent international agency and is composed and funded equally by the sport movement and governments of the world. Its key activities include in particular scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities, investigations and monitoring of the World Anti-Doping Code and its application by Code signatories (International Federations, National Anti-Doping Organisations, Major Event Organizations, etc.).

For more information about WADA, consult:

WADA Website

(Video) Play the Game 2017 - Clean Athletes Beliefs about Anti Doping Policy Legitimacy and Support

What is the Role of the International Federation (IF)?

Anti-doping activities required of IFs by theWorld Anti-Doping Codeinclude conducting in-competition and out-of-competition testing, providing education programmes, and sanctioning those who commit anti-doping rule violations.

What is the Role of the National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs)?

NADOs are organisations designated by each country as possessing the primary authority and responsibility to adopt and implement national anti-doping rules, carry out anti-doping education, plan tests, and adjudicate anti-doping rule violations at a national level. They may also test athletes from other countries competing within that nation’s borders.

Check the list of NADOs to find out who to contact in your country.

If a NADO has not been designated in a country, the National Olympic Committee (NOC), if there is no NADO, takes over these responsibilities. In a number of regions of the world, countries have pooled their resources together to create a Regional Anti-Doping Organisation (RADO) responsible for conducting anti-doping activities in the region in support of NADOs.

Check the list of RADOs.

RADOs bring together geographically-clustered groups of countries where there are limited or no anti-doping activities. The RADOs provide anti-doping education for athletes, coaches, and support personnel, testing of athletes, training of local personnel to undertake this task, and an administrative framework to operate within.


What does anti-doping mean in sports? ›

¦an-tē- : opposing or prohibiting illegal doping (such as blood doping or the use of anabolic steroids or growth hormones) to improve athletic performance.

What is clean sport? ›

Clean sport means athletes: - compete on a level playing field. - are rewarded for their hard-work, talent and skills. - value the spirit of sport. - respect and look after their bodies and their health.

Why is clean sport important? ›

Performance-enhancing drugs can be extremely dangerous and even deadly. In addition to endangering their own health, athletes who dope seek to gain an unfair advantage over their competitors, thereby undermining their competitors' hard work and threatening the credibility of their sport.

What are the main roles of a clean sport advisor? ›

A Clean Sport Advisor plays an essential role in informing athletes and their athlete support personnel (ASP) about the values of clean sport and important anti-doping information. Who is this for? The course is for anyone wishing to improve their knowledge of clean sport and increase the reach to protect clean sport.

Why clean sport is more than just drug free? ›

Doping is just one form of cheating in sport. To protect sporting integrity, all unethical behaviours must be treated equally, says Andrea Petróczi. Andrea Petróczi is an anti-doping researcher at Kingston University London and KU Leuven, Belgium.

Why do athletes need to eat clean? ›

Because food is the body's fuel, proper nutrition leads to better performance. Provide your body with the right nutrients, and you'll be rewarded with higher energy, more muscle and faster recovery.

What sports are power cleans good for? ›

The power clean is well known for its ability to help athletes improve their explosiveness and power development. This is why strength and conditioning coaches use the power clean as training for sports such as football, baseball, hockey, basketball, and soccer.

Why cleans are important? ›

Cleaning eliminates germs along with dirt and dust, resulting in better indoor air quality, leaving a whiff of freshness in its wake. The kitchen and bathroom usually require special attention, as they are known to be one of the germiest places in any house.

Is power clean good for athletes? ›

Power cleans will help you increase muscular coordination, power output, and overall athletic capacity. Explosive compound movements in nature often produce amazing results in power and force output, kinesthetic awareness, and neurological adaptations needed to train harder, run faster, and be a more explosive athlete.

Should athletes power clean? ›

Why You Should Perform the Power Clean
  • Muscle Development. Power cleans are technically considered a shoulder exercise, but they do more than build up your deltoids. ...
  • Explosive Power. ...
  • Burn Body Fat. ...
  • Great for Athletes and Trainees. ...
  • Bone-Shattering Grip Strength. ...
  • A Full Body Workout.
12 Oct 2017

What are 3 responsibilities of an athlete? ›

  • Practice to develop and improve their skills.
  • Maintain their sports equipment in good condition.
  • Train, exercise, and follow special diets to stay in the best physical condition.
  • Take instructions regarding strategy and tactics from coaches and other sports staff during games.

What skills do sports agents need? ›

Skills of sports management professionals hired as sports agents include communication, negotiation, problem-solving and multi-tasking. While prospective sports agents may not need a degree to start their career, certain skills boost their potential for success.

What are responsibilities in sport? ›

In other words, responsibility means you will take action and make things happen with the goal of achieving success and you will be accountable for those actions.

What does clean mean drug? ›

Clean refers to living without using drugs. Sober is used in the same context. However, the definition of “Sober,” also reveals a path, and a desired character.

What are two benefits of being drug free? ›

10 Things That Happen When You Stop Using Drugs
  • Feeling more attractive.
  • Increased libido.
  • Better mood.
  • Improved productivity.
  • Better relationships with friends and family.
  • Sleeping more soundly.
  • Return of your appetite.
  • Increased energy.
11 Oct 2021

Why should drugs be banned in sports? ›

Using drugs in sport undermines values like fair play and teamwork. When sportspeople use drugs, they not only might damage their own health, they also give sport a bad reputation and set a poor example to others.

How do athletes eat clean? ›

  1. Choose whole, natural foods and seek to eliminate or minimize processed foods. ...
  2. Choose unrefined over refined foods. ...
  3. Include some protein, carbohydrate and fat at every meal. ...
  4. Watch out for fat, salt, and sugar. ...
  5. Eat five to six small meals throughout the day. ...
  6. Don't drink your calories. ...
  7. Get moving.

What is clean eating and why is it important? ›

Clean eating can be a concept that promotes health and wellness by encouraging the selection of minimally processed fruits, vegetables, whole grains, healthy proteins, and healthy fats.

What happens if you don't eat clean? ›

In the short term, poor nutrition can contribute to stress, tiredness and our capacity to work, and over time, it can contribute to the risk of developing some illnesses and other health problems such as: being overweight or obese. tooth decay. high blood pressure.

What is the difference between a clean and power clean? ›

A power clean means that you catch the barbell above a parallel squat position. As in, your hip crease is above the top of your thighs. A clean means that you catch the barbell below a parallel squat position. As in your hip crease is below the top of your thighs.

What muscles are used in a clean? ›

Muscles Worked in the Clean

Glutes. Lower Back. Adductors. Quads.

What is the objective of clean? ›

The objective of cleaning is not just to clean, but to feel happiness living within that environment. With both of my in-laws gone, the time came to get their house ready for sale. Sixty-three years of memories, clothes, furniture, tools, papers, etc. had to be gone through, sorted, tossed, given away and cleaned out.

What are the five benefits of cleanliness? ›

The main advantages of cleanliness are:
  • Cleanliness promotes mental clarity.
  • Regular handwashing can prevent the spread of infections.
  • A clean environment automatically boosts our self-confidence.
  • Cleanliness gives a fresh and good look to our surroundings.

Are cleans useful? ›

Though technically a leg exercise, power cleans build much more than your quads. They develop muscles in the lower body like the calves, glutes, and hamstrings, as well as the muscles of the upper back and core.

What's a power clean? ›

The power clean is an explosive compound Olympic weightlifting movement. Designed to create more power, strength, and speed the power clean is a dominant exercise that creates a ton of total body strength.

How much should an athlete clean? ›

How much weight you should Power Clean depends on your training level and can range somewhere between 0.7 – 1.2 times bodyweight and above for female athletes and 1 – 1.8 times bodyweight and above for male athletes.

When should I do cleans? ›

If you are looking to build muscle mass, power cleans can be done once or twice weekly, but it's important to remember that the muscle must be under stress for a certain amount of time to achieve this gain.

What are the rights of athletes? ›

Every athlete has an equal right to any financial resources available and equal access to training grounds and equipment available. Every athlete is entitled to a healthy lifestyle that includes proper nutrition, injury prevention and care, and education about the harmful effects of drugs.

Who is called athlete? ›

ˈa-thə-ˌlēt. : a person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games requiring physical strength, agility, or stamina.

What are the main problems of an athlete? ›

The Five Biggest Challenges Professional Athletes Face
  • Funding for Athletes. ...
  • Performance Pressure. ...
  • Interacting With Coaches. ...
  • Balancing Travel and Family Life. ...
  • Retirement. ...
  • Final Thoughts.

What is the main role of a sport agent? ›

A sports agent takes on the high-risk-high-reward job of managing those athletes' careers. This role requires three main functions: recruiting top talent, negotiating contracts and managing images. Recruiting talent. A sports agent's reputation and financial success hangs on their roster of clients.

What are the 5 characteristics of sports? ›

3 Toshio Nakamura indicates that modern sport contains the following eight characteristics; physical training, victory or defeat, mental training, pleasure, sport rules, world wide organization, fiction and modern rationalism.

Is a sports agent a good career? ›

Working as a sports agent is an extremely fulfilling career. Most sports agents get into the industry because they have a true passion for all things related to sports. Sports agents need to work hard in order to be successful. The reward of their effort is well worth it.

What is the role of sports as a student? ›

It helps in building skills.

Skills like teamwork, leadership, patience, discipline, learning from failure, Sportsmanship, etc., are developed only when children play sports regularly, and these skills are equally important when it comes to studies and management.

What is the role of sports in society? ›

4 Athletic endeavors, both amateur and professional, have a tremendous economic, political and cultural influence on our society. Watching and playing sports provide ways to escape the stress of our daily lives and come together as a community. Hosting sporting events can boost tourism and revenue for a city.

What are 5 roles of a coach? ›

Typical responsibilities include:
  • teaching relevant skills, tactics and techniques.
  • monitoring and enhancing performance by providing tuition, encouragement and constructive feedback.
  • identifying strengths and weaknesses.
  • advising about health and lifestyle issues.
  • developing training programmes.

What is race clean? ›

RaceClean is a different degreaser & cleaner. It is pH neutral, which means it is not caustic. It can be used anywhere you use water. It is developed using naturally derived surfactants, and is 100% biodegradable. But IT WORKS - and works great.

What is the clean boxing program? ›

Its core main objective, as well as anti doping testing, is to educate athletes about the dangers and disadvantages that doping cause, in addition to the penalties for testing positive for prohibited substances, inside or outside of a competition.

What is pure speed sport? ›

Pure speed, your maximum speed, which is seen in sprints of up to 60 metres. • Speed endurance, being able to maintain your maximum speed or near your maximum speed for a period of time, which is seen during sprints with short recovery periods in between.

Why do athletes do power cleans? ›

The power clean develops power, which will make you run faster, jump further and higher and lift more weight, faster. The movement also improves coordination and burn loads of energy. So it's no surprise that the power clean is extensively used by athletes, but it also has applications for fitness and fat loss.

What are the 5 race categories? ›

OMB requires that race data be collectd for a minimum of five groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.

How do they clean race tracks? ›

The track itself is blown clean with a towed jet engine, and then tires are dragged along the pavement to re-deposit a layer of tire rubber onto the track surface. Straub agrees that their pavement's appearance is an important component of running a successful raceway, however.

Why are boxers clean shaven? ›

There are rules to follow on weight limits, gear use and uniform appearance. The reason for the shaving, according to sanctioning body USA Boxing, is to eliminate the chance of cuts to the eye due to the coarse texture of beards and mustaches, MGGA-St. Mary's coach Dennis Shimmell Sr. said.

Are cleans good for boxing? ›

The clean is an effective exercise to increase strength, speed and explosiveness, and develop a powerful hip extension that can be transferred to a harder punch.

Are power cleans good for fighters? ›

It is important to be able to coordinate your lower with your upper body. This ensures good displacement of kinetic forces during striking. As far as the larger lifts go, Power Cleans are the ultimate brawn builder for a powerful punch. However, you must incorporate sideways variations.

What are the 3 types of speed training? ›

6 Types of Speed Training
  • Agility training. Agility training focuses on developing quickness, a close relative to speed. ...
  • Strength training. Strength training exercises help athletes develop greater speed-strength. ...
  • Fartleks. ...
  • Interval running. ...
  • Plyometric exercises. ...
  • Running drills.
1 Jun 2022

What sports improve speed? ›

Out of the team sports, fast paced ice hockey leads the way.
Speed Sports - the highest ranked.
rankingsportrating (/10)
1Track and Field: Sprints9.88
2Speed Skating8.88
3Swimming (all strokes): Sprints7.88
4Ice Hockey7.75
16 more rows

What are the benefits of cleans? ›

Power cleans build muscle throughout your upper and lower body, including in your quadriceps, deltoids, core, and triceps—as well as posterior chain muscles like the hamstrings, glutes, lower back muscles, and the trapezius in your upper back.

Are cleans good for speed? ›

Additionally, as power cleans also target fast twitch muscle fibres, they build power that can help you run faster, jump higher and lift heavier in whatever sport or activity you love to do.

What is the difference between power clean and clean? ›

A power clean is when you catch the barbell not in a full squat (CrossFit defines this as hip crease above parallel). A clean is when you catch the barbell in the bottom of your squat, taking into account individual differences.


1. WADA Webinar: Speak Up! to help raise the game for clean sport
2. RESPECT P: Session 7 - Can Classification Learn from Anti Doping?
(Clean Sport Alliance)
3. RESPECT P: Session 5 - Panel: The Meaning of Clean in Para sport
(Clean Sport Alliance)
4. #ShowThemCleanSport - What is clean sport?
(U.S. Anti-Doping Agency)
5. Clean Sport: What Athletes Think
(Clean Sport Alliance)
6. #ShowThemCleanSport - What is Clean Sport?
(U.S. Anti-Doping Agency)

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